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Special Needs Education

Special Education also known as Special Needs is the practice of educating students with special needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs. Classes designed for children who have special needs due to physical, mentally, social, emotional or learning problems. Due to these special requirements, students’ needs which cannot be met within the traditional classroom environment. The Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) defines special education as “specially designed instruction, at no cost to the parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability.”


Under the IDEA, disabilities are categorized into the following: Autism Spectrum Disorder (AS), Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Speech and Language Impairments, Intellectual Disability, Visual Impairment, Hearing Impairment, Developmental Delay, Emotional Disturbance, Orthopedic Impairment and Specific Learning Disability. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/special%20education
The growing need for special education teachers and programs are rapidly increasing. First, the number of students with special needs is continuing to grow, the student-to-teacher ratio in many programs is higher compared to the general education ratio. In 2015, New York City has 282 Charter Schools opened to educate children. How have the new charter schools designed special education services, and do these services meet individual needs of students with disabilities? Charter schools help work to meet the goals and objectives outlined in students’ Individualized Education Plans (IEP). However, just as with district schools, not every charter school provides an appropriate placement for every child. A majority of charter schools have appropriate placements and programs for children with less restrictive environments written into their special education program, while some offer a wider array of placements and services.

Have federal education and disability laws affected charter schools’ admissions, operations, or student performance ratings? What were the levels of special education funding and compliance with federal and state regulations? Is there a relationship between special education funding and special education compliance with rules and regulations? http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/28/nyregion/28specialed.html?_r=0
Second, the specialized lesson plans along with the additional workload and the documentation of their efforts are highly important on a daily basis. Finally, cost, the most important factor of any program. New York City now spends more than $200 million a year on private, special education schools and services since the 1990’s that budget have only raised a few million dollars. For a normal mind that prices sounds increasingly high, but the issue was the amount of children with disabilities has increased drastically throughout the years.

The Craft of Research by Wayne Booth, Gregory Colomb and Joseph Williams (2008) meets the needs of all researchers by guiding them through the complexities of turning a topic or question into research problems. Chapter 3 focuses on how to find the topic in an interest and then how to focus and question in. In Chapter 4 it shows how to transform those questions into a research problem. (Booth, Colomb and Williams (2008) chapters 3 and 4)


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