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Literature Review

Literature review

Corisa Ramkissoon

Tayla Goldberg


Literature Review

Everyone deserves a fair chance in getting an education. No matter your circumstances, such as, being disabled, you should have the rights to your education. Our topic or main focus is, funding for special education students in elementary school. We are interested in finding if there a enough funding for children with special needs. Are they getting equal share of education as non- special education students. In order for us to answer these questions, we will conduct different research and strategies. The following articles would help us to dig deeper and be able to get more of a concrete answer.

Lack of Special Education Teachers

According to “The need grows for special education teachers in the U.S,” by the College Foundation of North Carolina (2001), the lack of special education teachers has increased. The demand for teachers has skyrocket. There aren’t enough teachers. As a special education teacher, you have to be devoted and passionate about your job. You need to spend an excessive amount of time and energy into you students. Most importantly, you have to love your job. According to “demand for special education teachers,” by the USC Rossier,(2014) there are various ways in which one can pursue becoming a special education teacher. One much first earn a bachelor’s degree and also a state issued license and/or certificate. Many teachers who are teaching special education students, they lack the various training to be a successful special needs teacher.

Statistical findings

“How many children with disabilities receives services?” According to the statistics on the article, “Fast Facts,” by the Institute of education science, the Individual with Disabilities education act (IDEA) which was enacted in the year 1975, stated that all children ages three to twenty one, with a disability be provided with free and appropriate public school education. According to the article, from the year 1976-77 the enrollment of public school children increased from 8.3 to 13.8 percent. According to, “School-Aged Children With Disabilities in U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas: (2011),” the graph compares disability status and types for school aged children inside and outside metro areas in the United States. Overall, children outside metro areas with disabilities, rate at a higher percentage. When the graph is broken down into different types of disabilities such as hearing, vision, cognitive, ambulatory and self-care, children outside the metro area still rated higher. One characteristic is the concentration of population in metro areas, which provides children with more schooling options like private, charter, and magnet schools. While education is pre- dominantly a local issue, aggregating this population to the national level can highlight commonalities across states and metro areas.


According to “Policy effects of special education funding formulas,” (1980) establishes the educational rights of physical, mentally, and emotionally handicapped children and in majority of states now requires that all handicapped children be provided with free appropriate education. In order to establish these goals, the funding provided for special education increased. In this article, they spoke about the four main topics of funding which are, relationships between special education programs and cost, primary funding formulas used for special education, policy issued affected by the funding formulas and lastly the potential incentives and disincentives of the various funding formulas.


College Foundation of North Carolina (2001) https://www1.cfnc.org/Plan/For_A_Career/Career_Cluster_Profile/Cluster_Article.aspx?articleId=wmpz3NDihGoZXAP2BPAXoj8Gw4PFAXAP3DPAXXAP3DPAX&cId=BI1JKTSUyth8XAP2FPAXn7VPoxI8gXAP3DPAXXAP3DPAX&sectionId=3

USC Rossie (2014) https://rossieronline.usc.edu/blog/demand-for-special-education-teachers/

IES, Fast Fact. https://nces.ed.gov/fastfacts/display.asp?id=64

Matthew W. Brault. School-Aged Children With Disabilities in U.S. Metropolitan Statistical Areas: 2010. https://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/acsbr10-12.pdf

William T. Hartman. Journal of Education Finance Vol. 6, No. 2 (Fall 1980), pp. 135-159. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40703269?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents





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